AVIGUR (Meirov), SHAUL (1899–1978), key figure in the haganah . Avigur was born in Dvinsk, Russia. He went to Ereẓ Israel in 1912 and, six years later, became a member of the kevuẓah Kinneret, participating in the defense of Tel Ḥai in 1920. Later he took charge of the Haganah's central arms depot in Kinneret. He was an active member of the Aḥdut ha-Avodah Party and then of mapai . From 1922 Avigur was a member of the national committee of the Haganah. He devoted himself to purchasing arms, to underground arms manufacture, and to the organization of the Haganah's intelligence service   (Sherut Yedi'ot). During World War II Avigur was active in organizing "illegal" aliyah from Middle Eastern countries. When the war ended, he headed the vast underground operation for the transportation of the survivors of European Jewry (Ha-Mosad le-Aliyah Bet; see immigration , "Illegal"), working from Paris in close contact with the Beriḥah ("Escape") organization. In 1948, during the Israeli War of Independence, Avigur was in charge of the purchase of arms in Europe. Until the mid-1950s he was a chief assistant to Minister of Defense David Ben-Gurion, and thereafter served in special capacities on behalf of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and the Prime Minister's Office. He was a member of the editorial board of Sefer Toledot ha-Haganah ("The History of the Haganah"), and published a book of reminiscences, Im Dor ha-Haganah ("With the Haganah Generation"), 1962. Avigur was a central figure in the fight for emigration of Soviet Jewry. He was the recipient of the Israel Prize in 1973. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Dinur, Haganah, 2, pt. 3 (19642); part 3 (1972), index; Tidhar, 4 (1950), 2648–50. (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Avigur (Meirov), Shaul — (b. 1899)    Haganah leader. Avigur came to Palestine from Russia at the age of thirteen, and later was a member of Kibbutz Kinneret on the shore of Lake Tiberias. He joined the Haganah when it was founded in 1920 and within a couple of years was …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Shaul Avigur — ( he. שאול אביגור; 1899 1978) was a founder of the Israeli Intelligence Community. Avigur was born in Latvia under the name Saul Meyeroff (Meirov; he. מאירוב), but when his son Gur Meyeroff was killed in the 1948 Arab Israeli War, he changed it… …   Wikipedia

  • Mossad Le'aliyah Bet — The Mossad Le aliyah Bet (Hebrew: המוסד לעלייה ב) (English, The Institution for Immigration B ) was a branch of the Jewish Defense Association (Haganah) in British Palestine that operated to facilitate Jewish immigration into the British Mandate… …   Wikipedia

  • Mossad le'Aliyah bet — El Mossad Le aliyah Bet (en hebreo: המוסד לעלייה ב‎, Organización para la Inmigración Clandestina) fue una división de la Haganá que se creó para facilitar la inmigración judía en el Mandato Británico de Palestina en violación de las… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION — (Aliyah Bet or ha palah – resolute ascent ), the clandestine immigration of Jews to Ereẓ Israel. This kind of immigration began under Ottoman rule. From 1882 onward the Turks did not permit Jews from Eastern Europe, with rare exceptions, to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mossad LeAliyah Bet — The Mossad LeAliyah Bet (Hebrew: המוסד לעלייה ב‎, lit. Institution for Immigration B) was a branch of the Haganah in the British Mandate of Palestine that operated to facilitate Jewish immigration to Palestine in violation of unilateral British… …   Wikipedia

  • HAGANAH — (Heb. הַגָּנָה), the underground military organization of the yishuv in Ereẓ Israel from 1920 to 1948. The idea of establishing a defense organization that would protect the yishuv throughout Ereẓ Israel was born during the Ottoman period. The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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